5 Interesting things to learn before you head to Havana Cuba
With its old colonial period buildings and people cruising around in their vintage cars, Havana Cuba is definitely one of the most colourful places that I have visited over the years. You really do feel like you have stepped back in time when you are exploring the city.
Havana Cuba is full of interesting history which has gone hand in hand with the Cuban people and the development of the city. Meaning that there are plenty of stories to tell, some good and some bad.
Here are 5 Fun interesting facts to learn before going to Havana Cuba, which you might not know.
1 El Capitolio (National Capitol Building ) is based on Pantheon in Paris
The El Capitolio or also known as National Capitol Building was the seat of government until after the revolution but is now the home to the Cuban Academy of Sciences. Even though at first sight, it looks like Capitol Building in Washington DC it is actually designed on the Pantheon in Paris. The dome stands at 92mtrs (300ft) which is considered higher than the one in DC and up until 1950’s, this was the highest structure in Cuba.
We never made it inside but apparently in the centre of the building, stands an enormous bronze woman, which symbolises the mythic Guardian of Virtue and Work. At 11m tall, it is considered to be the third tallest indoor statue in the world.
2 Mural of Che Guevara
The giant bronze sculpture of Che Guevara on the Ministerio del Interior building was completed in 1995 and was based on the famous photograph taken by Alberto Kirda. The wording which appears underneath the picture reads “Hasta la Victoria Siempre” which translates (into many versions depending on what you read but the version I am going with is) into “keep striving for Victory”
The building is situated on the Plaza de la Revolución and is one of the world’s largest city squares at 72,000 square metres. It is really cool to stand in the middle of the square, taking in the atmosphere while looking at all the memorials. Rumour has it that Che Guevara, once kept an office in the Ministerio del Interior.
3 Castillo de la Real Fuerza
You do not think of 16th-century Forts when Havana Cuba comes to mind but it is one of the first things you will see when you arrive in old Havana and played a huge part in Cuban history. Situated on the western side of the harbour and set back from the harbour entrance Castillo de la Real Fuerza (or known as the English Castle of the Royal Force). It is the oldest military construction in Havana & was originally built to defend against the attack of pirates.
Considered to be the oldest stone fort in the Americas and is a part of the UNESCO World Heritage site of Old Havana. Even though it looks imposing with its impressive moat and its thick sloping walls the Castillo de la Real Fuerza suffered from a poor strategic position, being too far inside the bay.
The fort is now Cuba’s premier maritime museum and houses an impressive collection from Cuba’s maritime past. One main feature is a huge four-metre model of the boat, Santisima Trinidad, which uses the interactive touch screen to show life on board. This was an important ship in the Cuban history because she was one of four Cuban-built ships at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805
4 El Floridita
If you are a fan of cocktails, especially daiquiri’s or rum based drinks, then you can’t go to Havana without visiting the world famous El Floridita. It is the home of where the original daiquiri cocktail was invented. El Floridita is a restaurant and cocktail bar in the older part of Havana Cuba. Situated at the end of Calle Obispo (Bishop Street) on the corner, near The National Museum of Fine Arts of Havana. The building is hard not to miss with the outside painted pink and its big blue sign, coming out of the side.
Constante (Real name Constantino Ribalaigua Vert ) who was credited with inventing the frozen daiquiri and making the bar famous, was originally the bartender before becoming the owner. I had the new style daiquiri which is a blend of white rum, lemon, sugar, maraschino and ice. I don’t need an excuse to have a great cocktail, especially with family & friends.
Apart from being famous for its daiquiris, it used to be one of the favourite hangouts of Ernest Hemingway in Havana Cuba. Hence, why there is a bronze statue of him in the bar, which you can take a picture with.
5 Vintage Cars
There are several things that come to my mind when I think of Havana Cuba; cigars, rum and El Capitolio and of course colourful vintage cars. Do you know that there are an estimated 60,000 vintage cars in Cuba and up until October a couple of years ago, residents needed permission from the government to purchase cars legally older than 1959.
Surprisingly most of these cars were from the states. Everywhere you look is an old-school American brand vehicle, ranging from Oldsmobile to Chevrolet and Ford. These are all vehicles that the majority of American car lovers would spend hundreds of thousands of dollars on to do up.
These days, if you want to take a step back into automotive time, then there are plenty of tour companies that will off services using vintage cars. Cuba is literally a rolling car museum.
Please feel free to share your experience in the comments below or if you know any other facts about the Havana Cuba. I would love to hear them 🙂